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The bongos are a percussion instrument Afro-Cuban which consists of a couple of
Small open bottom drums of different sizes.
In Spanish, the biggest drum is called female (female)
and the smallest male (male).
Together with the conga or the tumbador and,
to a lesser extent, the batá drum, the bongos are the hand drums
most widespread Cubans, and they usually play in genres such as Cuban,
Afro-Cuban salsa and jazz. A drummer Bongo is known as a bongosero.
The origin of bongo is largely little claro.
Its use was documented for the first time in the eastern region of Cuba,
the Province of Oriente, at the end of XIX century, where he was employed in popular music styles such as nengón, changüí and his descendant, he is Cuban. 
Most sources about Afro-Cuban cultural history
argue that the bongo is derived from the models drum of Africa
Central (Congo / Bantú), which can be seen in open funds.
An influence of the Yoruba culture
Santeria in the symbolic "twin" drum. [Appointment required]
The strong historical presence of Africans
from the Congo / Angola region in eastern Cuba
(where the bongo first appeared) makes such an influence likely.
In addition, the influences of Central Africa / Congo are also documented
in the Cuban musical genre, including changüí,
and initially the development of the bongo drum was parallel to these genres.
From these conceptual models of African drums,
Bongo developed further in Cuba,
and some historians claim that the union of the two drums
was subsequent invention that took place in Cuba.
Therefore, the instrument has been described
as "African in concept but Cuban in invention".
Evolution and popularization.
Bongo entered Cuban popular music as an instrument
key of the first sets, and quickly became,
due to the increasing popularity, in "the first instrument
with an undeniable African past accepted in circles
of the Cuban "society".
This is attested, for example, in poems by Nicolás Guillén.
As the son evolved and distanced himself from his predecessor,
the changüí, so did the bongos.
The bongos used in changüí, known as Monte Bongo,
they are larger and more tuned than their modern counterparts,
they have tacks instead of tunable hardware and
they work similarly to conga drum lead (fifth)
and other folk drum drums parts.
Unlike the modern son, the changüí You're never extended
its popularity beyond eastern Cuba, and therefore,
Their bongos are still a rare image.
It is commonly accepted that the son arrived in Havana in part
as a result of the arrival of army member musicians
permanent from Cuba, which brought music from eastern Cuba.
Among the first bongoseros known in join the army
Permanent in Santiago de Cuba was Mariano Mena.
There are also different versions of this instrument
manufactured in different materials and with different constructions
designed for different musical styles
No doubt the bongo is an instrument that
it will continue to be manufactured for a long time and will be part of the culture
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