Everything you need to know about the ukulele

by Recart Collaborator August 08 2020

Everything you need to know about the ukulele

Thanks to Mayra, who has shared this blog with us.

What is a ukulele?

The ukulele is an instrument that is part of the string family, its main characteristics are:

  • The Ukulele has three main parts: soundboard, arm (neck), strings and headstock.
  • It is generally made of wood, among which the Cedar, Pardillo, Granadillo, Cypress Pine and foreigners such as Spruce Pine, Palo Santo, Ebony, and Koa Hawaiana stand out in Colombia, among others.
  • On the inside of the body are the Beams or Harmonics, which allows it to be structured for better sound quality.
  • On the neck or arm, you will find the fingerboard and frets. The distance between the nut of the fingerboard and the nut of the pontezuela will give us the cast or shot.

Types of Ukus

Establishing a relationship from minor to major are Soprano, Concert, Tenor and Baritone. The choice will depend on the size and sound you need. We describe the various types below:

  • Soprano Ukulele: It is also known as standard, it measures approximately 55 cm. It is the smallest, however the most used. Its cost is cheap and the sound is the sharpest.

Where does it come from?

It is considered as an adaptation of the Portuguese cavaquinho, originally it was composed of five strings.

It was designed in the 80s, in Hawaii by Portuguese immigrants, then spread across French Polynesia and on Easter Island.

In the XNUMXth and XNUMXth centuries, there were no stringed instruments in French Polynesia. In this sense, the ukulele was one

  • Concert Ukulele: Measuring approximately 60, it is slightly larger than the soprano, providing greater volume and depth of sound. It is considered more comfortable to play, for people with large hands. The first frets have more space.

  • Tenor Ukulele: It measures approximately 65 cm, it is larger than the soprano and the Concert, Its size facilitates strumming and fingering. It has greater tension in its strings, providing serious sounds.

  • Baritone Ukulele: It measures approximately 76 cm, It is the largest of all Ukuleles. It is comfortable for guitarists Because of its tuning equal to the first four strings of the guitar. Its low sound differentiates it from the sound that characterizes the rest of the ukuleles. It is the least commercial.
  • Each of the frets represents a semitone, that is, half a tone.
  • The nut is generally made of bone, although they can also be made of synthetic materials.
  • The tuners are located at the end of the neck, they allow you to tighten the strings to tune and choose the desired note.
  • It has a bridge, in order to transmit the sounds from the strings to the soundboard, which allows amplification in the resonance box.

How hard is it to play?

In my experience it is one of the easiest instruments to play, perhaps the easiest, during my years as a musician, the ukulele has been my companion from the beginning, just like the violin, these two instruments changed my life, I have approximately 5 years playing both treasures and I can say that with my ukulele I am much more independent, besides that everything I have learned I have done completely alone, I never took classes, it is an instrument completely designed for anyone of any age, for another On the other hand, we are a generation with everything at hand and when I say this I mean the great door that surrounds our lives to acquire knowledge of the subject that is and this door is social networks.

So I ask you: Is it difficult?

Here are some tips to learn to play this wonderful instrument:

  • Know the different tunings according to the ukulele variant that we want to execute.
  • You should know that the ukulele is usually played on dotted scales. For this it is necessary to achieve agility with exercises of movement through the scales of the instrument.
  • Ukulele is sometimes played by strumming chords from strings. In these cases you must learn the timing and the correct way to strum the ukulele.
  • Consistency is one of the factors that will most influence obtaining results, so don't give up.
  • Seek help from an expert instrumentalist to help you start the necessary exercises and techniques.
  • You can search for video tutorials on YouTube or some other social network.
  • Find more tips and help on our social networks: Ukuleleria.com

Caring for my ukulele

  • Clean it constantly (use a product to clean furniture)
  • Avoid contact with liquids
  • Change your strings every so often (from 6 to 8 months)
  • Store your instrument in a place with good ventilation, that is not excessively humid or in direct sunlight. ... When you go to transport your instrument make sure that the case or case is tightly closed to avoid unnecessary falls. ...
  • Before playing, wash your hands and dry them very well.



Source of information:


Mayra Espadas experience.

Google images.

Recart Collaborator
Recart Collaborator


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