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by Karen Castillo
May 01, 2020
Welcome to another blog of the ukuleleria, we are going to talk about something important so that you can learn a little more about the ukulele.
When you want to start on any instrument you must know the names of the parts well and how to use them, for example, when one learns to drive you must learn what that pedal is called to slow down the car, exactly we speak of the brake, knowing its name and how to use it you can avoid accidents or crash your car
1. SHOVEL OR POCKET: This is the top of the Ukulele, it contains the pegs that hold the strings and tune the ukulele, you can call them by the strings name.
2. PINS: They are used to tune the strings by tightening or housing each string. Some pegs are placed in the drilled holes in the headstock, others are placed like guitar plugs on either side of the headstock. The most common material for headstocks is chrome nickel.
3. NUT / BONE: A slightly raised plastic or wooden bar, located at the base of the shovel, with shallow grooves for the strings to pass through. Sometimes when the bone of a ukulele is very high it can make our Ukulele mess around, the solution for this may be to file it, but you have to do it very carefully to make it look good.
4. MAST / FINGERBOARD: The long and thin part of the Ukulele. In this part you place your fingers to make the chords. The length of the neck depends on the size of the ukulele, the soprano has a shorter neck than the concert, but there are ukuleles that change the size of the neck to make a Ukulele called Super Soprano or Long Neck in which, although the body of the Ukulele is soprano size, the neck is concert size.
5. FREQUENCY: The raised metal straps that separate the mast into parts. On the uke the frets are arranged so that each marks a semitone.
6. STRINGS: The strings of a Ukulele can be of different materials, the most common are Nylon strings but there are also a material called Nylgut which is a material patented by the Aquila brand that simulates the gut. The strings are traditionally tuned as follows: G (Sol) C (Do) E (Mi) A (La) and are numbered from 1 to 4, with A (La) being the first string and G (Sol) the fourth. The thickness of the strings is different depending on the note in which it is tuned, the thickest string is the C string and the thinnest string is the A string. This occurs because at the same tension, a string sounds lower the greater the mass / length ratio.
7. BODY: This is the sound box. The quality of the sound, resonance and beauty of it is found in the quality, material and construction of the sound box. The material the ukulele body is made of affects its sound directly as well as its size, so a concert-size ukulele has a slightly deeper sound compared to a soprano and a tenor a sound deeper than a concert. The shape of the ukulele can also affect its sound, a pineapple shaped ukulele naturally has a slightly deeper sound than a traditional shaped one.
8. MOUTH: Usually located high up in the body, it is a hole with an approximate diameter of one and a half inches. Its function is to let out the sound of the soundboard or body.
9. BRIDGE: It is located near the base of the body. There are 3 types of bridges. The tie bridges are the most common, the ropes are passed under the bridge and tied to it, in the pin bridge the rope is fixed in a hole in the bridge by pieces called bridge pins and slotted bridges
How are you? Easy no? there are people who can call them differently but this is due to the country where they are native, maybe in Spain they can tell the headstock (SHOVEL)
I hope this blog has helped you a lot, we always do them with love so that you can always learn a little more or take away the doubts of what you think you already know!
Good nest, bye!
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