by Santa Tere
10 September, 2019
En September are held national holidays in our country and as every day we must remember what are the things that tie us to our origins.Who does not want to touch a beautiful are jarocho or a rich huapango To feel close to that place where we always want to return?
Traditionally these musical genres are played in Jaranas whose traditional manufacture takes hundreds of years of history and tradition, rarely is an instrument like this at hand.If you have a ukulele and you wonder if they are similar instruments the answer will surprise you a lot.
Origins and construction:
Both instruments come from similar instruments but resulted in very specific variations.
In the case of ukulele, its origin comes from Hawaii in the nineteenth century where Portuguese immigrants introduced the instrument called Machete which served as inspiration for the creation of this already emblematic instrument.
In the case of the jarana its origin takes as inspiration the spanish baroque guitar and is brought to Mexico after its Spanish invasion in 1520.Its manufacture is based on a more rustic technique of a single piece of red cedar or cedar of San Juan and later the bridge, the cover and the cover of the fingerboard are added.
In the case of the jarana it should be noted that we have two different versions, the Jarocha and the Huasteca, both variations arise due to their geographical separation but converge in rhythms and tradition.
La Jarana Huasteca It is a guitar-shaped instrument, with five or more strings and is part of the Huasteco ensemble playing the role of rhythmic accompaniment. This type of guitar is tuned in a tuning of the sun notes, yes, re, fa # and the.
The Jarocha jarana is also a type of instrument that is used in the Son Jarocho or Son Veracruzano and is in charge of bringing harmony and is executed with syncopated strumming.
It exists in a wide variety of sizes and records, which allows enriching the group's timbre. Because of their dimensions, they are classified as: Jarana third of 80-100 cm, second (70-80 cm), first (55-70 cm), mosquito (smaller than 50 cm) and finally the smallest, called chaquiste, about 30-40 cm.
There are several tunings. The most popular is the call for four in various shades (sol-do-mi-la-sol, do-fa-la-re-do and re-sol-si-mi-re - although the octave in which the notes are changed varies depending on the size of the jarana ).
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