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To practice this sport you must launch metal balls as close as possible to a small wooden ball called Cochon or Meta, previously thrown by a player, with both feet on the ground and in static position from a certain area.
The sport as currently played arises in 1907 in the city of, Provence, in the south of France, it's known that The ancient Romans they were already playing a primitive version with stone balls, which was brought to Provence by the Roman army and sailors. Etymologically its name comes from the French "pè (s) tancats" ("feet together") in Provencal language
By its rules and dynamics the petanque is related to the curling, ice sport of origin Scottish.
The sport can be practiced in all types of terrain, but we recommend that you play in flat areas, usually sandy. The tracks are rectangular with an average length of 15 m and a width of 4 m for national and international competitions, although they may have minimum dimensions of 12 mx 3 m to play it optimally.
The balls used in the game are metallic (they must not contain lead, or any filler inside) with engravings on their contour. Its diameter should measure between 70,5 and 80 mm, while its weight ranges between 650 and 800 g.
The little ball, pig, bowling or goal It is made of wood or synthetic material and must have a diameter of 30 mm
At the start of the game the Cochon is thrown from a throwing circle that must be placed at least 1 m from any obstacle. For said launch to be valid in the official competitions with the rules of the federation in fields with regulatory measures, but in amateur games and smaller fields the recommendation is to minimum 30 Cm.
The bowling must be at a distance between 6 and 10 m from the circumference launch and at least 30 Cm of any obstacle.
Each player throws, in turn, three balls individually and in doubles (two teams of two players) and only two if played by triplets (two teams of three players).
The launches can be of three types: approach to bowling;
Pointer: trying to bring the shots as close as possible to the goal
Shooter: to try to move a ball away from an opposing player by hitting it;
Medium or "support": It works in a mixed way, by rolling the ball to bring one more close to the bowling alley or to drive away a counter.
Once the game is over, each ball that is closer to the jack that those of the opposites are counted as a point and the player or team wins I arrived before thirteen points for games between individual players, duplets or triples and to fifteen points in the case of finals although this may vary.
At the moment, in the main divisions of League or Championships it is played to tiempo.
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