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This is the second part of the series of Solfeo and Harmony for percussionists, an introduction to the world of music through the concepts of rhythm and tempo. A series that undoubtedly is the basis for all those who want to learn to play a musical instrument or who want to reinforce what they have learned in the music academy.
Music is the alternation between sounds and silences. The issue of a sound is called a NOTE and its absence is called SILENCE. The otas and the silences therefore have a duration in time. This duration can be measured by means of pulses, so the notes and silences can last from one, two, three ... etc. pulses or pulse fractions may last. Next we have the representation of the notes with their name and corresponding silence.
These figures are the ones we will use to write the music on the staff, and they are the ones that tell us how long a sound or a silence lasts.
As we saw in the previous blog, a measure can have 2, 3, 4 or more pulses. We will start using the 4 / 4 compass.
The 4 / 4 notation expresses the following
The music is written on a set of parallel lines 5 called pentagram on which the notes, silences and other symbols that any piece of music contains are represented. In the staff the bars are delimited by vertical bars called bar bars, the space between two bars being a bar.
In a score we can find different types of bar and these are some examples.
1.- You cannot place notes of greater value that indicate the measure
We will use an 3 / 4 compass as an example, the first number as we saw indicates how many pulses our compass has, for this example our compass will consist of three pulses, the second number indicates that each pulse is equivalent to the 1 / 4 vouchers. black
And in all this score we cannot find a Round because this figure is equivalent to 4 pulses.
2.- You can combine notes of different values as long as the compass capacity is not exceeded
Taking the example of the 3 / 4 measure, in each measure we can fill it with three blacks, with their subdivisions of notes or silences; or with a white and a black one. If we want to add more notes, we will have to use another measure.
3.- The measure number is written only once at the beginning of the score after the key.
5.- Every measure will have a well determined way to feel the pulse by means of homogeneous values called times (metric) 2 / 2, 4 / 4, 3 / 4, etc.
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